The noble Valpolicella
Valpolicella is located in the northwestern part of the Veneto Region between Verona and Garda Lake, in an area that occupies about 240 square kilometres.
More than a valley it seems to be a set of small valleys, the cultivated lands were taken away to the woods; the nearest part of the Adige is devoted to fruit growing with a prevalence of peach, the areas of low hills are full of olive groves and have increased in the recent years of an intensive cultivation of vineyards from which the excellent wines is internationally acclaimed.
The whole valley is dotted with villas built by the nobility of Verona and Venice. These wonderful buildings are in a unique landscape where you can still see the cultivated terraces bounded by typical dry stone walls.
In Valpolicella, you can still find the “pievi” ancient territorial civil and religious divisions that were part of a rural church with a baptistery. In 1145, the pievi of the Valpolicella were 4: San Martino Negrar; San Floriano; San Giorgio e San Pietro di Abizzano. Characteristic of this land arethe stone villages, born to the abundance of stone easily removable. The buildings in these villages are built of stone lastame.
Very popular is also the type of buildings grouped at court, a community of homes built around a courtyard enclosed by a gate that served to protect the people and animals from the external threats.
In Valpolicella there are about eighty villas of great artistic value built during the period of Venetian domination and following the fashion of the country house for summer holidays. Most of them, are connected with the courts mentioned above and are located within large estates.
The valley is now famous throughout the world for its produced wines such as recioto and amarone. The grape-vine is present in these areas since prehistoric times. In Etruscan times, appears vitis vinifera sativa. In Roman times, were produced large quantities of wine. From reports of Pliny the Elder, we know that the Emperor Augustus had always veronese wines on his table. In the Middle Ages was intensified the cultivation of wines and, with the domination of the Venetian Republic, in addition to cultivation, trade was expanded due to the proximity of the Adige river navigable at the time.
The 1800s is also the century which the Recioto comes to life and, although it did meet a great success, it was the beginning of its widespread abroad. In the early 1900s, as well as to eradicate phylloxera (the terrible disease that was devouring the roots of vines) it achieves an important result with the birth of amarone in the cellars of Villa Mosconi.
Amarone and Recioto the wines of Valpolicella
Valpolicella: it is a young wine that should be drunk within a year of its production. It presents a vivid red hue and a moderate alcoholic content.
Valpolicella Superiore: this wine has a higher alcoholic content and a lower acidity.
Recioto: it is a wine made from dried grape wine with a sweet taste because it contains unfermented sugars. It is quite alcoholic, good smell and very lovable.
Amarone: it is also the result of winemaking grape with straw wine with the final result of a much drier wine. It presents a major alcohol content (15°). The fermentation of sugars loses the sweet taste that sets it apart from Recioto.