Districts and narrow streets
Caorle is situated between the mouths of rivers Livenza and Lemene: It overlooks the Adriatic Sea to the north east side of the Venice lagoon among the tourist destinations of Eraclea and Bibione. The territory is divided into several districts and the city center with the Duomo (cathedral) from which spread a large number of streets.
The origin of Caorle dates back to the first century B.C., its name derives from the Latin “Caprulae” probably because of the wild goats that pastured. Countless are finds from the Roman period as “ara Licovia” a sacrificial altar preserved in the Cathedral or, the archaeological finds which came into life from the Adriatic Sea. The town of Caorle develops and becomes important as a port of the nearby Concordia for its location at the mouth of Lemene but especially after the Huns’ barbarian invasions who forced many residents towards the coast.
In the sixth century the city became bishop seat. The current cathedral dates back to the sixth century; it was erected on the foundations of an early Christian basilica where the remains are still preserved inside the cathedral, the museum and priest’s house gardens.
In the following centuries, the city was linked to the Serenissima Republic fate and its territory was part of Dogato that is the central part of the Serenissima Republic. In the X° century, legendary was the kidnapping of some Venetian damsel released on the beach of Caorle; this episode was recalled until few years ago in costume of the period.
In the XIII° and XIV°centuries , after the often conquest by the Triestini (people from Trieste) and pirates who forced many families to move to Venice, for Caorle began the decline and lost its importance in comparison with the other cities of the Dogato. This decline lasted until the Napoleonic period, but it became even worse in 1379 when, the Genoese, landed on the island of caprulana in an attempt to conquer the Serenissima lands, destroyed the city forcing even the bishops to leave the Episcopal see.
The colorful houses of Caorle
Caorle old town is characterized by its colorful houses – in the past, it was crossed by artificial canals (Rio Terà) now buried. Walking through the streets of the historic center, you have the perception of being in Venice. Even in winter, the city welcomes its visitors with its Christmas markets, an outdoor ice rink and facilities open.