The town of Cortona Italy is situated in the Province of Arezzo on the border with Umbria, a leading cultural center in the Val di Chiana.
Between the eighth and seventh century BC became an important center of Cortona Etruscan magistrates very likely due to its strategic location that allowed easy control of the surrounding territories. The city walls are about three kilometers long and were built by the Etruscans.
Around the thirteenth century, it became a town administered by the highest civil office of city government known as the “mayor”. In the fourteenth century, Pope Giovanni XXII gave it the status of a diocese.
Cortona and its beauty
Things to see: the Church of St. Nicholas built in the fifteenth century; Eremo delle Celle dedicated to St. Francis of Assisi in his visit of 1211; Melone I and II of Sodo, Etruscan tombs located in the foothills of the city; the Diocesan Museum which houses works of art from various eras; Farneta Abbey which is a few kilometers from the city and built by Benedictine monks; the Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie al Calcinaio in the Renaissance style; the Basilica of Santa Margherita was built on the ruins of a church dedicated to St. Camaldolese and dedicated to S. Basilio; the beautiful Church of Santa Maria Nuova in Greek cross with three equal sides and a domed baroque style with central rosette; MAEC museum erected in 1727 by members of the Etruscan; he Town Hall built in the twelfth century on the ruins of a Roman city; the Church of San Domenico in the gothic style; the Church of St. Francis of 1247, the Church of St. Michele Arcangelo and Metelliano built by the Lombards; the cathedral that rises on the ruins of a church and the Fortress of Girifalco, 1556.
Various events take place in different periods of the year: the festival of the snail; ecological walking; typical medieval markets; pageants and various festivals.