Isola Elba is situated in the Province of Livorno between the Ligurian and the Tyrrhenian Sea. With the islands of Pianosa, Capraia, Gorgona, Montecristo, Giglio and Giannutri is part of the Tuscan Archipelago National Park. It is divided into eight municipalities including: Portoferraio, Campo in Elba, Capoliveri, Marciana, Marciana Marina, Porto Azzurro, Rio Marina and Rio nell’Elba.
The island has an area of about 224 sq km and in the past has been the subject of major events. In the eighth century BC was for the Etruscans an absolute source of wealth for its iron mines that was exported around the world. Today, there are still several Etruscan tombs including the remains of furnaces and hill villages located in idyllic scenery.
With the decline of the Etruscans, the Romans became heirs of the steel industry enhancing the granite quarries and discovering the curative mud baths of S. John and the excellent wines produced in the area carrying it with their ships laden with amphorae cleverly returned from the sea and now preserved in the museums of Portoferraio and Marciana.
The fortified city of Portoferraio built by Cosimo de Medici in 1548, is a treasure of military architecture nestled in perfect harmony with nature and the sea. Other forts were built here during the siege of the Spaniards as the majestic Fort St. James, now made into a prison in addition to a number of chapels and the sanctuary of Montserrato on top of a mountain. In the coming years, the island was disputed by the Austrians, Germans, English and French and assigned to Napoleon Bonaparte for the duration of ten months providing the construction of roads, revamping the mining economy and increasing the production and export of wine.
Crystal clear waters and relax on Isola Elba
Today, Elba is known worldwide for its majesty, the beauty of its coasts and its crystal clear waters that attract millions of visitors every summer from all over the world.