Cultivation of vineyards and olive oils
Lake Bolsena of volcanic origin is located in the province of Viterbo and its extension is among the largest lakes in Italy. The lake is viable by boat departing from Capodimonte or Bolsena and its shores are cultivated with vineyards and olive trees and adorned with oak and chestnut trees that characterize the typical Mediterranean vegetation. It is the largest lake of volcanic origin existing in Europe formed with the collapse of the volcanic Vulsinio which, after lava eruptions, has emptied and collapsed on itself forming a huge caldera (wide basin) that slowly was filled with water.
Roman-era at Lake Bolsena
Bolsena and Montefiascone are two villages located around the lake. The first is a medieval village close to the Volsini mountains and houses of the Roman church of Santa Cristina embellished by a Renaissance-style facade and bell tower of the fourteenth century, the Chapel of the Miracle and the Castle of Orvietami of the thirteenth century.
Montefiascone is located on a hill overlooking lake Bolsena and houses the two churches of the Roman period in the twelfth century with the tombstone by Giovanni Fugger with the famous inscription “Est Est Est,” the seventeenth-century cathedral with the Dome by Carlo Fontana and, at the top of the hill, the papal fortress with its medieval remains.