The Heart of the Veneto Region
The first traces of pottery manufacturing in Veneto date back to prehistoric times, in fact, a lot of Roman and Venetian paleolithic finds can be admired at the archaeological museum of Adria located in the Province of Rovigo. The production of pottery in the period of the Serenissima was developed in Treviso, Este, Vicenza, and Bassano. Since the middle of the eighteenth century onwards, a large number of laboratories flourished. The first productions were crockery and items commonly used in everyday life but, with time, objects of art were produced. In the same century, Veneto began the production of the first porcelain that was before produced in Asia.
The production techniques ranged from simple earthenware, scratched ceramics or majolica. After the first period of economic prosperity, with the fall of the Venetian Republic, the sector went into crisis as almost all other activities. The recovery of this sector comes after the Second World War with a flourishing of companies and an increase in employment. Proofs of the Venetian ceramic artistic production can be admired at the Civic Museum of Ceramics in Nove and at the Museum of Ceramics in Bassano.
Leathercraft Supplies: leather
LeatherCraft Supplies. Since the thirteenth century, there are working for skin tanning in the area of the Venetian lagoon. A flourishing tanning industry, thanks to the presence of several rivers absolutely necessary for the development of this process, was developed over the years in Bassano and Vicenza. The most important center for the skin’s tanning came into life in Arzignano, a Village located in the Province of Vicenza, where, at the end of the 1800s, a special technique was applied and it allowed to obtain, in less time, a better final product. The leather process was mainly developed in the areas of Padua and Riviera of Brenta. The art of footwear was born in Padua, in the area of Ponte Molino and Piovego – this latter, with its waterway which brought to Venice. In this area, there were a large number of shops, Conciapelli (Tanner) and Calegheri (Shoemaker), as were called the shoe manufacturers in the period of the Republic. The finishing products had the same process such as for fabrics in Venice, where luxury goods were made.
A peculiar process, imported from East was made in Venice, it was about gilded leather which consisted of transferring a gold leaf on the skin properly treated in accordance with a prearranged plan. The skin was later on cut, embossed, inlaid or pyrographed. The most Venetian beautiful example is found at the Chapel of Rettori’s Monte of Pietà in Treviso, today headquarters of a bank. The shoe manufacturing center moved from Padua to the Riviera of Brenta where it is still present nowadays. The craft made shops have now become important factories that produce models exported all over the world and which are the symbol and pride of Italian elegance.
Leathercraft Supplies: marble
The Veneto Region has no marble quarries. Throughout its history, a huge amount of marble was used to adorn and embellish its palaces and its churches. The marble used came from Vicenza, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Istria, and the Euganean Hills. The Istrian stone could be easily worked and it was used for the construction of pinnacles, gargoyles, door and windows frames as well as for wells and windows with three lights. The famous “masegni” (semifinished trachyte blocks) used for the paving of narrow streets as well as for St. Mark Square came from trachyte sites of Euganean Hills. Various types of valuable marble came from various parts of Italy and East and they were used to adorn the wealthy family’s houses of the city. One of the most famous works of Marble in Venice is the Venetian terrazzo paving. This work is based on the laying of flakes of marble scattered at random. It is commonly thought that it was one of the first mosaic processing.
In order to make the Venetian terrazzo, limestone boulders and pebbles of various colors of Friulan rivers are used such as the Cellina, the Medusa and the Tagliamento. They were manufactured and laid by skilled craftsmen called “Terrazzieri” who gathered together in a sort of brotherhood, had as Holy patron St. Floriano. Proofs of these special abilities can still be admired in many buildings and churches and, particularly, at the Basilica of St. Mark.