Medieval town gently washed by mild waters
Peschiera del Garda is a medieval village with five towers located in the Province of Verona. It is wet by the mild waters of Garda Lake. The name of the city derives from the important fishery resource of the area. The area has been inhabited since ancient times with its peak during the Bronze Age when numerous dwelling was built. Quite a lot of exhibits came into life: arrow points, bronze swords, and various other tools. Transport of goods and people on the waters of the lake and along the river Mincio were guaranteed by boatmen associations.
In medieval times the village was an important military center for the control of Mincio River. Mastino Della Scala was the first, to begin with, the construction of the fortress on pre-existing Roman fortification as well as strengthen the center. In the XV° century, inside the fortress, there was a housing area around the turrite walls placed on five sides with the Rocchetta – later on, placed in the southern. From 1439 to 1549, it was part of the Republic of Venice that carried out various works giving it the pentagonal shape remained unchanged until the fall of the Serenissima. The French domination began in 1801 and finished in 1814. Their plans were to build dominant positions around the city and an isolated fort in the countryside. This plan was partially implemented, and as proof, now you can see: Forte Salvi Vecchio (old) located in the direction of Brescia and Forte Mandella Vecchio towards Verona.
The construction of the Rock on the pre-existing Roman fortress and the center was begun by Mastino Della Scala. In the fifteenth century, the fortress had homes and turreted walls arranged around the five sides with Rocchetta, then placed in the Southern Rock. It was integrated by the Venetian Republic in 1439 which provided, in 1549 which made several interventions giving it the current pentagonal shape remained unchanged until the passage to the French after the fall of the Serenissima. The French rule began in 1801 and ended in 1814. The French were planning to build on dominant positions around the city, a system of strong isolated in the countryside. This plan was partially implemented and, as claims, now you can see: Forte Salvi Vecchio located in the direction of Fort Brescia Mandella Vecchio towards Verona.
In 1815, Peschiera del Garda was included in Austria that provided for the construction between 1849 and 1864 of fourteen other forts giving it the appearance of an impregnable military bastion. With Verona, Legnago, and Mantua, the city was a stronghold of the “imperial quadrilateral” as a communications firewall with Austria. The Fortress, near Porta Brescia, was built in 1551. From here you can see the majestic ramparts of the sixteenth surrounded on the right side of the river Mincio by the Fossa Reale. Walking through the bridge Porta Brescia, built between 1760 and 1770, you walk into the Fortress and immediately after to the imposing Habsburg Army Military Hospital of 1865.
The ancient Piazza d’Armi, today Piazza Ferdinando di Savoia, is on the left with the Church of San Martino, patron saint of the city, perhaps built on the ruins of an ancient pagan temple. Not far from the ruins of Acrilica, the ancient Peschiera with the remains of Roman I° – IV° century AD. The Rock, late Roman fort fortified by the Scaligeri between the XIII° and XIV° century is located in the southern part of the square. After the entrance into the seventeenth-century courtyard, you can see the Portal of the imposing Cavaliere Della Rocca; higher station artillery joined to bastion Cantarane. In the underground of the building, remains of the Castello Scaligero (Castle).
Peschiera Del Garda and the Venetian rowing
The fortified Ponte di Voltoni (bridge) of 1556 on the Mincio river which divides the city into two. The areas beyond the river are occupied by military buildings: the Austrian Palleria and the Establishment of Artillery Porta Verona (1854-57), restored and home of the Civic Library and historic archives of the town. After the bridge on the left side of the Mincio river, the fort with bastions of San Marco of 1553 and Bastione Quercini of 1552. Beyond the river, you arrive at Piazzale Bettelloni where stands another imposing building, a former Cavalry Barracks now home of the city hall. Local events: Palio Delle Mura takes place the first weekend after Mid-August consisting of a Venetian rowing race along the canals of the bastion. In September, historical commemorations of the Wars of Independence.