The city of the Popes
Rome history located in the Province of Rome and is the largest municipality of Rome for its extension. The city is part of UNESCO World Heritage Site. Rome history is three thousand years ago with its capital of the Roman Empire that stretched from the Mediterranean to almost half of Europe over to the ecclesiastical power accumulated over the centuries due to the Pontificial State and its popes who have succeeded.
The city is a treasure of historical and architectural heritage among the most influential in the world, just think of the old town with its Aurelian walls of almost three millennium, as well as to the properties of the Holy See. The city is the quintessential symbol of Christianity and the only in the world to gave the Vatican City as a foreign state.
It is said that Rome was built by Romulus on April 21, 753 BC; it had for 244 years a system with monarchical rulers of Latin origin, Sabine and Etruscan. Tradition said it had seven kings of Rome: Romulus, Numa Pompilius, Tullio Ostilio, Anco Marzio, the elder Tarquin, Servius Tullius, and Tarquin the Proud.
History teaches that an oligarchic republic was already in 509 BC with struggles between patricians and plebeians, and wars to the detriment of the Italic population, Etruscans, Latins, Volscians, Equi, Galli, Osco, Samnites and the Greek colony of Taranto allied with Pyrrhus, King of Epirus who allowed the subjugation of the Italian peninsula until to Ancient Greece. The third and second century BC were marked by several Roman conquests in the Mediterranean and the Orient. In the mid-second century and in the first century BC instead, there were significant rebellions, civil wars and dictatorships.
The first centuries of the empire were ruled by emperors Augustus and other members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty that provided the construction of the Colosseum and the Antonini, where there was the propagation of the Christian religion of Jesus Christ.
With the rise of Diocletian in 284, in the neighboring provinces there was a high rate of corruption, so Diocletian appointed Augustus for the eastern and Valerio Massimo for the western in order to have a better governance. Constantine, with the Edict of Milan in 313, enacted freedom of worship to Christianity with the construction of many churches and gave to Pope Sylvester I secular power, founded Constantinople in the east. Romulus Augustus, on the 22/08/476 marked the end of the Roman Empire of the west with the beginning of the barbarian presence in Italy and with the increase affirmation of the Catholic Church and, in 756, there was the birth of the Papal States (Patrimonium Sancti Petri) and Rome became the capital.
The radical change of the city occurred with the construction of the new center by Pope Nicholas V and the construction of the new basilica of St. Peter and the absolute control of the popes for nearly four centuries. Then, the powerful families of cardinals began to build new homes in the surrounding hills. The papal rule was interrupted in 1798 with the proclamation of the Roman Republic. Archaeological excavations, in particular the Roman Forum, began in 1808 by Antonio Canova, and were commissioned by Napoleon for the reorganization of the city.
Adored by tourists from all over the world
Today Rome, with its center of national politics, the center of the Catholic religion, the capital of Italy and metropolitan city, with its history and its architectural jewels and art, projects with all its magnificence to the millions of visitors from all over the world who visit it all year round.