Wild flora and fauna
The protected natural park of Sile river covers an area of 4.159,00 hectares and flows among the towns of Casale sul Sile, Casier, Istrana, Morgano, Piombino Dese, Quarto D’Altino, Quinto di Treviso, Roncade, Silea, Treviso and Vedelago.
It is the longest wellspring river in Europe with a length of 95 km. The area of risorgive, despite having undergone significant changes over time, includes typical natural elements inside such fontanili “fontanassi”, ponds and wetlands, bogs, and a dense network of waterways. In addition to the typical vegetation of wet meadows and risorgiva polle, there are poplars, willows, alders, oaks, elms, and maples.
It is a symbol of the Province of Treviso, influencing and characterizing the surrounding landscape. On its banks was born and developed, the “peasant culture” of the entire province. The “Fontanassi di Casacorba” fall in the protected park of Sile and are a great tourist destination.
Sile River boasts an architectural heritage of great interest, there are many churches located on the banks of the river such as the demolished Church of Santa Cristina del Tiveron, the church of Sant’Angelo sul Sile, the Church of St. Maria ed Elisabetta di Canizzano, the Church of St. Martino Urbano and the Temple of St. Nicolò in Treviso.
With the arrival of summer and autumn, the rich Venetians aboard burchielli or garish carriages, reached the magnificent villas scattered in the province. This was a great place for riding, carriage excursions, walks, but also hunting, gaming, entertainment, and theatrical performances.
The Venetian villas located along the river, show all their beauty and majesty with neoclassical columns and capitals, porticoes and decorative stucco light. Among the most famous, Villa Barbaro Valier (now Battaggia) of 1500, another Villa Barbaro of 1600, Villa Fanio Cervellini of 1700 near Cendon, the fifteenth Villa Barbaro Gabbianelli in Lughignano built by Caterina Cornaro as a wedding gift for her maid Fiammetta, Villa Dalla Riva (now Canzian) of the ‘600; Villa Mantovani Orsetti and the sixteenth-century Villa Celestia.
The green road of the regional park of Sile River is an ecological corridor that crosses the park from the sources in Portegrandi destined to (cycling, walking, and boat).
The green road is not only an alternative path to the conventional road traffic but the backbone of a network system that connects all the main attractions for all the visitors who want to know the area of the park by gradually discovering its peculiarities.
The natural reserve of Sile river
The park consists of a nature reserve such as the Oasis of Cervara, wrecks forest as the “Gran Bosco dei Fontanassi” between Casacorba of Vedelago in the Province of Treviso and Torreselle of Piombino Dese in the Province of Padua, renaturalized quarries as the “ex-cave Carlesso” reconquered by nature and now valuable wetlands, “Alberi Patriarca” as the “Great Oaks of sources”, the “bog” of Casacorba and “closed fields” of risorgive.
There are also many agricultural resources in the area such: fishery, production of “Radicchio Rosso of Treviso IGP and Variegated Radicchio of Castelfranco Veneto IGP, greenish radicchio or Verdon, the white asparagus of Badoere IGP, the sweet potato of Zero Branco, Casatella (cheese) of Treviso, trout and sturgeon of Sile” as well as several farm holidays.