The city of Sabines and Latins
Tivoli the ancient Latin city as “Tibur” is located in the Province of Rome. The city was a convergence of populations of the Sabines and Latins with the current existence of the sanctuary of Hercules of the second century BC.
In the first century BC was recognized Roman town becoming a destination for the construction of villas of wealthy Romans. Still evident today are the remains attributed to Horatio, Cassio, Publius Quintilio, Varus and Manlio Vopisco whose remains are in the Gregorian Villa. The highest concentration occurred with Villa of Hadrian in the second century.
Tivoli was the seat of a bishop in the Middle Ages and contested among the powerful Romans such as the Colonna and the Orsini and the feud Benedictine of Subiaco, back then in the fifteenth century heritage of the Church.
During World War II, was bombed by the Anglo-American allied forces trying to break links to the Adriatic Sea in response to the retreat of the Germanic army.
The beauties of Tivoli
There are many monuments of outstanding architecture still present as: Villa Adriana, Villa d’Este, Villa Gregoriana, Temple of Vesta, Temple of Sibilla, Temple della Tosse, Sanctuary of Hercules Victor, Bleso Amphitheatre, Rocca Pia, Corso del fiume Aniene and numerous churches.
The city is mentioned in the Grand Tour (place of young wealthy aristocrats traveling the continental Europe since the seventeenth century), depicting a large number of such dominant views such as the ravine of the Gregorian Villa (park jewel loved by Goethe), the cascade of Aniene, Villa Adriana and Villa d’Este, constituting part of UNESCO.