Processing techniques for Venetian glass jewelry
Sculptural art in the Murano glassmaking tradition appears in the early decades of the 1900s. Unlike other materials, glass sculpture is very difficult due to the impossibility that the master has to touch the material which, of course, is worked incandescent.
The lampwork allows obtaining very light objects with details of great precision. The color, once rare in this technique, is now emerging with increasing ing frequency. The lamp techniques offer many possibilities and they can satisfy every single request of the customer.
When we talk about decoration, we mean enamel decoration. This particular type of Islamic-Byzantine art was spread in Venice in the 1200s. It is about applications that use the same material of the object on which they are applied. The baking in the oven makes the decoration as an integral part of the composition.
Over time we have experienced two types of incisions: the wheel rotina and the diamond point engraving. The wheel rotina produces a bas-relief effect, therefore, it is more pronounced and comes from the work of a small metal wheel. The diamond point engraving, the oldest one, is made by cutting the glass slightly with a diamond point.
Since the renaissance, the production of glass table has been one of the most important for glassware in Murano. The work has always been very elegant and represented by slim and harmonic objects. For centuries, jugs, bottles, and glasses have adorned the most elegant tables of the world. Besides, the classic products of objects made over time, glasswares have also dared to design extremely innovative shapes and design demonstrating the will to innovate and keep up with the times.
The mirror technique was based on a blown cylinder which allowed to obtain a sheet processed by mirror makers who provided to include a tin plate later replaced by a silver one. The mirror was then enhanced with frames of wood or glass. Venetian mirrors had great success in the baroque period and were exported to all European courts.
The glass beads:
There are various types of pearls: the “conterie” obtained by sectioning the hollow rods pulled in the furnace; the “sommersa beads” overlay of two different colored glass layers, and often including gold or silver leaf; the “millefiori beads” enriched with sections of millefiori rods embedded in two central nucleus; the “beads decorated with vette” are fine glass threads obtained by pulling hot rods of colored glass or aventurine. Pearls can be of various shapes, they are grinded or cutted to obtain sharp edges. The finished objects is then immersed into acid which melts the tin metal tube on the inside without hurting the bead. These centuries-old processes are entrusted to the capable hands of the “perlere” a trade exclusively performed by women.