Herculaneum ruins are located in the Province of Naples, its ancient origins dates back to IV century BC. It participated in the social war won and conquered in the ‘89 BC later becoming a Roman town, controlled by Rome. It was loved by the educated and wealthy Romans especially in suburban Villa of the Papyri, a place guarded by influential politicians close to the imperial family. Herculaneum was once on the sea and the legend said that had been built by Hercules. Inhabited first by Osci and by the Etruscans and then was later taken by the Samnites, to become later part of Rome.
The city was damaged during the earthquake of ’62 and destroyed by the lava flow of Vesuvius volcano in ’79 that had a duration of twelve hours in the fall of pumice gray and white alternating with hot clouds and pyroclastic pouring that buried it under a mantle of twenty meters with a temperature of more than three hundred degrees which allowed the conservation of poppies this due to a carbonization process.
It was later rebuilt at the same site of the old one. In the eighteenth century, during some excavation works, came to the light Roman remains, therefore, began the careful excavation that still are not finished because the site could still preserve important artifacts. You can see buildings almost intact and a large quantity of furniture, allowing visitors to have mastered the original appearance of ancient Roman houses adorned with paintings.
The antiquity of Herculaneum ruins
Herculaneum ruins are a pilgrimage destination for tourists from all over the world who visit Corso Resina linking Herculaneum to Naples with its length called the Golden Mile because of the importance of architecture, the Villas Vesuaviane, the Basilica di Pugliano important for its market among the oldest in the peninsula to trade in used clothing and the Vesuvius National Park for its lava stone sculptures created by sculptors of international renown.
Only in the 60s the name Resina given to the new city was replaced with Ercolano. Since 1997 all the archaeological site of Ercolano is part of UNESCO World Heritage Site.