Loved by Poets, Writers, Politicians and Playwrights
The medieval village of Malcesine is located in the Province of Verona on Garda Lake. Due to its particular geographical location, in the past was a dwelling for famous people: Publio Virgilio Marone, Latin poet and philosopher; Dante Alighieri, Italian poet, writer and politician; Folengo Theophilus, Italian poet; Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German writer, poet and playwright; Ugo Foscolo, Italian writer and poet; George Gordon Byron, English poet and politician; Giosuè Carducci, Italian writer and poet; Rilke; Gustav Klimt, Austrian painter; Kafka; James Joyce, Irish poet and writer; Pound; Gabriele D’Annunzio, Italian writer and Gide.
Goethe, towards the end of 1786 stopped in Malcesine where he wrote: “As I would have my friends along to enjoy together the landscape in front of me” …. the beautiful Garda Lake”. His presence is still reminded inside the two halls of Castello Scaligero.
The fortress dates back to the last centuries of the first millennium BC. It seems that the Castle was built by the Lombards in the mid first millennium AD. Later, in 590, was destroyed by the Franks and rebuilt later on by themselves. In the ‘806, was the site of King Pipino III° arrived in Malcesine to meet the SS. Benigno and Caro.
Further to the occupation of the Hungarians, it was part of the Veronesi Episcopal feuds. In 1277, became supremacy of Alberto della Scala until 1387, (italian leader and lord of Verona from 1277 until his death) From 1387 to 1403, was possessed by the Visconti of Milan and, in 1405, was joined to the Republic of Venice. In 1506, was regained by the Empire.
From 1516 to 1797, the Republic of Venice got it back which was subsequently won by the French who were substituted by the Austrians from 1798 until 1866 who reinforced the inside of the castle. From 22/08/1902, is a National Monument. The Castello Scaligero (castle), Museum of Natural History, Museum del Lago di Cassone, Palazzo dei Capitani built by the Scaligeri between the XIIIth and XIVth century over Roman and Romanesque ruins. In the village, takes place many popular and gastronomic festivals.